Foreign Markets

Taiwan P-3 Squadron Stand-up Program

A recent example and typical of the type and quality of training LSI provides was evidenced in support of the Taiwan Air Force (TAF) and Taiwan Navy (TN) P-3 Program under a Naval Aviation Warfare Center FMS contract.  Taiwan had acquired twelve former USN P-3C Orion aircraft and, as in many of the previous LSI conducted training programs, required a complete ground up build of the maintenance and aircrew support.  Training for this substantial program began in NAS Jacksonville, FL for the initial cadre of operational and maintenance personnel and then transitioned outside of the continental United States (OCONUS) to Pingtung Airbase in Taiwan for its completion.

For the OCONUS effort, LSI provided thirty-four Naval Aviation Maintenance Program (NAMP), Government Flight Representative (GFR), and Government Ground Flight Representative (GGFR) qualified maintenance instructors and maintenance support personnel in order to maintain four Taiwan P-3 aircraft designated for the training program in Pingtung.  Using those aircraft, as well as curriculum developed through our referenced processes, LSI delivered Course of Instruction (COI) for both Organizational (“O”) and Intermediate (“I”) levels across eight prime Aviation Maintenance ratings.  The COI included both practical job training (PJT) and on the job training (OJT) as well as personnel qualification standards (PQS) ultimately leading to positional qualifications in each respective rating.

In addition to the Maintenance team, LSI provided twenty-three Naval Aviation Training and Operating Procedures Standardization NATOPS/GFR/GGFR qualified aircrew instructors to deliver COI for Advanced Positional Pilot, Naval Flight Officer (NFO), Acoustic and Non-acoustic Warfare Officer (AWO), In-flight Technician (IFT) P-3 operator flight training, and Instructor-Under-Training (IUT) instruction.

LSI certified instructors provided all aspects of stand-up instruction, as well as performance monitoring during all phases of training including classroom and device sessions on the ground and in-flight training.  Additionally, all course material was monitored and updated by LSI instructors as changes were identified and provided to the Taiwan service at the completion of the case.

For the Taiwan program, LSI flew over 300 sorties and added 1100 flight hours to its total completion of over 4500 mishap free flight hours of P-3 Orion training over its many years of international programs.  Upon completion of the training program, the TAF maintenance personnel were prepared to accept and maintain the remainder of the delivered aircraft for operational use and the aircrew ready and qualified to fly them.

LSI excels in planning and deploying the right amount and mix of employees to foreign areas in order to meet and exceed mission requirements.  LSI is familiar with the myriad of special requirements associated with FMS work and working in the varied OCONUS environments.  The company maintains a robust Foreign Clearance and Export compliance program and all deployable LSI employees comply with the applicable partner nation general protection/security policies and procedures.  Over the three year Period of performance in the Taiwan case, LSI accomplished this high risk, highly visible aviation training program on time and under budget.  At its completion, LSI was able to de-obligate 5.5 million dollars back to the customer attributable to the cost efficiencies created and employed by LSI.

Black Hawk Maintenance Trainer (BHMT) Taiwan Army

Under an FMS case with the Taiwan Army, LSI, Inc. produced the BHMT-M / S-70M from the U.S. Army design incorporating a simulated Aviation Ground Power Unit (AGPU) that uses an electric motor instead of a turbine engine allowing operation in a hangar environment.  The Taiwan BHMT variant also incorporates a Rescue Hoist and 200 gallon Robertson fuel tank.

Modernized Target Acquisition Designator Sight (TADS) Selected Task Trainer (M-TSTT)

Modernized Target Acquisition Designator Sight (TADS) Selected Task Trainer (M-TSTT) is an AH-64 Apache Helicopter part task trainer that provides an interactive means of training pilots in operator procedures related to Sights, Weapons, Communications, Navigation, Controls and Displays, Fire Control Radar, and Data Management.  The M-TSTT also provides interactive tests to train and evaluate users on controls and displays switchology.  These switchology tests offer three levels of complexity ranging from beginner to advanced level.  The training device hardware can easily be changed to support both the AH64D and AH64E aircraft configurations.

Training supported:

  • Switchology
  • Boresighting
  • Tracking/Targeting
  • Target Acquisition (FCR / MTADS)
  • Target Engagement
  • ILS/VOR operation
  • Communications
  • Navigation

Foreign Military Sales

As one of the U.S. Department of Defense’s prime contractors for rotary and fixed wing aircraft training support, we have developed and conducted a number of successful training programs under FMS agreements, including Argentina, Egypt, Germany, Greece, Norway, Pakistan, Portugal, Republic of Korea, Saudi Arabia, Thailand, and most recently Taiwan.  Additionally, we have provided FMS and DCS maintenance and training support to our Aerospace Industry partners in a number of countries.  LSI is a Department of State registered exporter and manufacturer and maintains a robust export compliance program.  Our customizable training plans include:

  • Curriculum Development
  • Electronic Classroom Design and Assembly
  • Classroom Instruction
  • Maintenance Training
  • Practical Job Training (PJT)
  • Flight and Maintenance Manuals
  • Flight Simulator Training
  • Flight Training
  • Mission Systems Training
  • Mobile Training Teams

From a single system Mobile Training Team, to a full scale Squadron Maintenance and Aircrew Flight Training Stand-up, let our training specialists customize the perfect plan to fulfill your training requirements!

Aviation Ground Power Unit (AGPU)

LSI designed and produced an electric AGPU used exclusively for training in a hangar environment for the Taiwan Army to power a real AH-64E Apache Helicopter. The AGPU is designed for hangar use only and is powered by 3 phase, 480 VAC at 200 Amps and produces 3 phase, 400 Hz, 115 VAC at 60 KVA and 60 Hz power, 120 VAC, and 28 VDC to the helicopter. The AGPU also produces 3000 psi hydraulic pressure to the aircraft or trainer at 6-15 GPM using a Variable Frequency Drive. LSI also manufactures electric AGPUs for the U.S. Army Apache L-7AY and Chinook Helicopter Maintenance Trainers (CHMTs). LSI’s non-ruggedized AGPUs are designed to operate in a hangar environment for training devices.

Mobile Power Supply Unit (MPSU)

LSI designs and produces MPSUs for the U.S. Army UH-60 Black Hawk Maintenance Trainers (BHMT-Ms) and Chinook Helicopter Maintenance Trainers (CHMTs).  The MPSU is powered by 3 phase, 208 or 220 VAC at 200 Amps and produces 3 phase, 400 Hz, 115 VAC at 30 KVA and 60 Hz power, and 120 VAC to the helicopter.  It also produces 3000 psi hydraulic press at 6 to 15 GPM using a Variable Frequency Drive.  The MPSU is very quiet in operation to facilitate instruction on the hangar floor.

Countermeasures Dispensing Test Set

The CDTS is used during the MISSILE WARNING SYSTEM AND COUNTERMEASURES DISPENSING SUBSYSTEM MOC and associated FIPS. They receive information from HTD through the baseplates which are connected to the HTD. Each test set can perform a full self-test and is able to count the number of chaff or flares fired off from each dispenser.

Flight Line Test Set

The Flight Line Test Set is used to perform the Radar Jammer MOC and associated FIPs. All test set indications function IAW the IETM and are controlled both by switch positions on the test set as well as individual settings on the HTD.

Hellfire Test Set

The TSGMS test set is used during the Hellfire MOC. It is able to perform the full self-test IAW listed IETM instructions. It connects and interfaces with the L7AY through each individual hellfire rail. It also connects to the GETAC computer to interface with the IETM software, which allows the IETM to provide a PASS indication during the MOC.

IFF Transponder Test Set

The IFF Transponder is used to send and receive signals to and from the L7AY during the IFF Transponder MOC and associated FIPs.  It can distinguish between all of the different transponder modes used on the AH-64 and will provide all associated pass/fail indications based on the settings of the HTD.

Radar Simulator Test Set

The Radar Simulator test set is used to radiate five individual radar warning antennas installed on the L7AY device. It can be set to each of the three different settings listed in the IETM for the Radar Warning MOC, each of which will provide a useable signal for the HTD to display the correct threat symbology and audio warnings.

TADS Continuity Test Set

The TADS continuity test set allows the user to perform a full test of the 1A4W1 wiring harness (Funny Harness). It will perform a full continuity test IAW the IETM.

LSI Training Center

Located at Cecil Airport, in Jacksonville, FL, LSI’s facilities are uniquely positioned to provide full spectrum aviation training.  Cecil Airport boasts a number of 8000’ x 200’ runways including a 12,500’ x 200’ runway and is certified for horizontal space launch.  LSI has conducted numerous training programs at this site, from U.S. Army AH-64 Apache maintenance training, to current Customs and Border Protection P-3 Pilot training.  LSI provides state of the art classroom facilities, direct access to the flight line, hangar space, and much more.  Let us customize a training program for you!

To see a catalog of courses offered (Click Here)


Instructor Services

LSI’s cadre of exceptionally experienced instructors provides training that meets specific Government requirements for numerous military aviation and other academic courses. These services are provided at designated military installations nationwide, at LSI facilities, and at various military facilities around the world.  LSI provides full spectrum aviation training, from courseware and classroom instruction for both aircrew and maintenance, to part-task training as well as in-flight training through the instructor level.  LSI holds an extensive and wide variety of Instructor expertise, we have provided instructors to teach U.S. Navy Seabee construction, U.S. Navy Helicopter pilot simulator instruction, and we currently provide Customs and Border Protection with P-3 Pilot instruction.  We provide New Equipment Training (NET) Team personnel and maintainer ground school instruction as well as the revision and maintenance of courseware as the aircraft changes due to the Product Improvement Program.

Training Support Services

LSI provides numerous high quality training support services to multiple U.S. DoD customers, to include:

  • Training Support Staff to the Center for Seabees and Facility Engineering, PT. Hueneme, CA.
  • Administrative and Financial Support Staff for the Naval Construction Training Center, PT. Hueneme, CA.
  • TECOM support for projects across TECOM (GNOSS, MCTIMS, Exercises like Javelin Thrust, etc.)
  • Instructional Systems Design Support Staff for the Center for Surface Combat Systems, Dahlgren, VA.
  • Transportable Flight Proficiency Simulator (TFPS) support for CH-47 NET
  • Any other non-instructor services

Manufacturing & Production

LSI’s operates a 60,000 Sq. ft. manufacturing & production facility located on a 17,000 acre State-Of-The Art Commercial Center with direct access to four active runways. Our multi-faceted craftsmen and AWS certified welders bring Depot, Intermediate, and Organizational level Maintenance experience to every project. To ensure efficiency, our facility is equipped with an enterprise resource planning (ERP) system that allows LSI to track materials and job status in real time.

Core Services

Ground up Design, Rapid Prototyping

• Mechanical, Electrical, Software
• Romer Arm

• Full Range of Materials from Plastic to Exotics (Titanium/Inconel)
• Structural Shapes (Channel, Angle, Beam, Tubes & Plate)
• Sheetmetal bending and rolling

• Carbon, Stainless, Aluminum, 6G certifications
• Plasma cutting, Oxygen/Acetylene Cutting, Spot Welding, Stud welding
• Gas Tungsten Arc Welding (GTAW)
• Gas Metal Arc Welding (GMAW)
• Brazing copper and copper alloys

Paint Facility
• Capacity 60’L x 20’W x 20’H
• Dry Ice Blasting

Machine Shop
• Tooling, Jig & Fixture Manufacturing
• 4-Axis Computer Numerical Control (CNC)
• Turning
• Milling
• Broaching
• Drilling
• Waterjet Cutting
• Engraving

• Laser wire marking
• Wire harness manufacture to IPC-620 standards
• Component soldering to IPC-610 Standards
• Complete wiring and component installations
• Electrical integration with customer furnished systems

Additional Services Provided

• Assembly/Sub-Assembly
• Testing
• Quality Control
• Overhaul and Modifications

Facility Capabilities

• Secure access
• Mature supply chain
• Secure property control shipping and receiving center
• Multiple shifts

Electronic Classrooms

Our electronic classrooms are made up of hardware and software designed to provide the instructors with the tools to more actively engage the students. Our electronic classrooms are designed to meet the needs of each customer’s learning environment.  They consist of servers to support the curriculum, an instructor station consisting of a computer with dual flat panel monitors, student workstations with a computer, and dual flat panel monitors.

Instructional Systems Design (ISD)

LSI’s Instructional Designers hold advanced degrees in education and learning science disciplines.  They are experienced in using an array of training requirements analysis and design methodologies including, the Analysis, Design, Development, Implementation, Evaluation (ADDIE) process; the Systems Approach to Training (SAT); Human Systems Integration (HSI); and the Naval Education and Training Command (NETC) End-to-End process.  By applying the correct methodology and leveraging extensive domain experience, LSI designs training that is effective, efficient, and engaging.

SCO Workbench

SCO Workbench is a comprehensive analysis system that provides Instructional Designers with a suite of data gathering and analysis tools designed to streamline complex task and media analyses.  SCO Workbench captures Conditions, Behaviors, and Knowledge/Skills/Attitudes (KSAs) associated with knowledge and performance tasks.  Using algorithms based on MIL-HDBK 29612 guidance and customizable based on specific project requirements, a task list is easily distilled into a training task list.  Each training task is then subject to further analysis using Human Systems Integration (HSI) and stimuli parameters, resulting in a clearly defined optimal and secondary training media requirement.  Learning Objectives developed in SCO Workbench are organized in a visual hierarchy for ease of sequencing.  SCO Workbench outputs are the basis of the Instructional Performance Requirement Document (IPRD) and the Instructional Media Requirements Document (IMRD).

Courseware Development Tools

Venus 2 Enterprise (V2E) is LSI’s premier courseware development tool.  While we also employ Commercial Off The Shelf (COTS) development tools, V2E provides our customers with a powerful, customizable solution that creates SCORM 2004 compliant training, and apps for mobile devices (iOS and Android), from the same training content – build it once and deploy on multiple platforms.  V2E courseware can synchronize learner data (progress, metrics, assessment scores, etc.) with either a traditional SCORM Learning Management System (LMS) or with an Experience API (xAPI) Learning Record Store (LRS).  V2E training content conforms to the latest internet browser standard, HTML5.  By embracing the HTML5 standard, LSI has eliminated the need for third party plugins, ensuring compatibility now and in the future.  The V2E tool itself is scalable, easily supporting large development teams in a server-based enterprise environment and also functioning as a stand-alone editor on a desktop workstation.

Technical Publications

Our technical publications developers use a Quality Assurance-driven team process, designed to reduce costs by minimizing rework and schedule delays due to deficiencies or corrections.  Publications development is a team process, where project managers, subject matter experts, illustrators, data managers and QA personnel work synergistically to deliver maintenance and operator products to our customers that often exceed quality expectation, are on-time and within budget. LSI develops content for:

  • Organizational, Intermediate, and Depot Level Maintenance Manuals
  • Flight and System Operating Manuals
  • Software Users Manuals
  • Wiring Data Manuals
  • Training Device Operator & Maintenance Manuals; Instructor/Operator Handbooks
  • Illustrated Parts Breakdowns
  • Periodic Maintenance Requirement Cards

We offer various methods of delivery from the printed page to electronic technical manuals (ETM). Our long history of publications development spans over 35 years with all the branches of the Department of Defense. In addition, we have provided publications services for a multitude of FMS customers, including Norway, Pakistan, Portugal, South Korea, and Taiwan.

Technical Illustrations      

Our technical illustrators produce graphics from the simplest block diagrams and line conversions to complex graphics and systems. Conversions of graphics from native authoring and publishing systems are performed for inclusion into documents. Our technical illustrators specialize in developing true, mathematically-based, vector formats from your existing raster graphics.


S1000D is an international specification for the procurement and production of technical publications. It is an XML specification for preparing, managing, and using equipment maintenance and operations information.  The technical information is authored as XML files called Data Modules (DMs) and stored in a Common Source Database (CSDB).  Recently, the specification has been expanded to include two new types of data modules, a SCORM Content Package Module (SCPM) and a Learning Data Module (LDM).  The purpose of the SCPM and LDM is to provide a method for including SCORM learning content in a CSDB alongside the technical manuals.

In 2009, LSI worked directly with the Advanced Distributed Learning (ADL) Initiative and the ADL Job Performance Technology Center (JPTC) to design a strategy for using a CSDB for storing and retrieving SCORM learning content.  The ADL team created a prototype CSDB interfacing tool called the Bridge API.  LSI modified one of its courseware development tools, SCO Workbench, to interface directly with ADL’s CSDB instance over an internet connection using the Bridge API.  With SCO Workbench, courseware developers were given a simple Graphical User Interface (GUI) to create and modify all of the different types of LDMs.  Those LDMs along with SCPMs could then be checked in and out of ADL’s CSDB.

Recently, LSI has modified its latest courseware development tool, Venus 2 Enterprise (V2E), to allow easier access to technical DMs during the courseware development process.  XML DMs can be imported into a SCORM package and linked directly to a SCO in development.  The tool parses the DMs and allows for the courseware developer to pull text directly from the technical publication.  Once linked, the developer now has a simple way to be notified of a technical change which may have an affect on the courseware content.  This kind of surveillance makes courseware development much easier, particularly when courseware development is being performed concurrently with the authoring of the technical publications.